Patent and Trademark

A reference collection is maintained of all U.S. patents and trademarks in print, microform, or electronic formats.

Patent Law

Patent law is largely found in Title 35 United States Code, Sections 101-376 and Title 37 Code of Federal Regulations, Chapter I, pages 3 to 232.

Notable Patents

  • U.S. Patent No. 1 was issued on July 13, 1836, to John Ruggles of Thomaston, Maine, who invented traction wheels to prevent the wheels on locomotive engines from sliding on the rails on inclined planes and hills during inclement weather.

  • Before 1836, patents were issued starting with number X000001. On July 31, 1790, this patent was issued to Samuel Hopkins of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, for his new apparatus and process for making potash and pearlash. The patent was signed by President George Washington and Attorney General Edmund Randolph.

Notable Hawaiian Patents
  • Sea Captain John Dominis of the Sandwich Islands, who built Washington Place for his wife Mary, was issued U.S. Patent No. 2790 on September 30, 1842, for inventing a ship's implement for measuring sails. Based on trigonometric calculations, he invented new mathematical scales and tables for determining the proportions of sails so that they could be cut from rolls of canvas with as little waste as possible. The captain's son John Owen Dominis married Lydia Paki who later became Queen Liliuokalani.

Trademark Law

Trademark law is largely found in Title 15 United States Code, Sections 1051-1127 and Title 37 Code of Federal Regulations, Chapter I, pages 233-347.

Notable Trademarks

  • The Averill Chemical Paint Company of New York, New York, registered the first U.S. trademark on October 1, 1870. The trademark for liquid paint pictured an eagle perched on a rock and holding a canister of paint and a brush in its beak.

Notable Hawaiian Trademarks
  • The oldest registered Hawaii trademark in continuous use in the United States and still active today is "Lion". This trademark for Lion coffee was first used in 1864 and first used in commerce in 1891. But the Woolson Spice Company, Inc. of Honolulu did not register it with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office until September 6, 1983. Its Registration No. is 1250590.

Additional Patent and Trademark Resources

  • Access to PubWEST (Public version, Web-based Examiner Search Tool), a robust patent searching server-based application tool that is similiar to the user access provided from workstations at the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office Public Search Facility in Alexandria, Virginia.
  • Archived Cassis DVD database of all issued patents, published patent applications and all registered trademarks up to 2011 Week 49.
  • Archived Cassis DVD database or print copies, up to August 2011, of:
    • Index of Classification for Patents
    • Patent Classification Definitions
    • Manual of Patent Examining Procedure
    • Trademark Manual of Examining Procedure
    • Design Search Code Manual
  • All issued plant patents in microfiche or in print (includes color pictures that are not available in other formats)
  • Patent Indexes from 1920 to 2000
  • Trademark Indexes from 1927 to 1992 and 1994
  • Patent Classification Orders from 695 to 1912: June 7, 2011
  • Patent and Trademark Official Gazettes from January 1872 to Volume 1373, Number 4, December 27, 2011


The Federal Document Section staff will assist patent searchers by providing instructions in the use of various search tools available in the section. Only preliminary patent and trademark searches can be conducted with the resources located at the Federal Documents Section. The section staff is not qualified to give legal advice of any kind, including interpreting laws and regulations; performing searches for users; or offering opinions about the search strategy effectiveness. No conclusions should be inferred concerning the validity of any patent, design or trademark from any assistance provided by the library staff.

Anyone wishing further assistance will be directed to a list of registered patent attorneys and agents who have specialized knowledge and experience in conducting patent or trademark searches. This roster contains current information filed with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. Not all attorneys and agents listed on this roster will service new public clients.

Selected Section Holdings

  • Patent and Trademark Information at the Hawaii State Library (pdf) [383KB]

Related Federal Documents Section Guides

  • A Guide to Patents & Related Resources at the Hawaii State Library (pdf) [451KB] (publisher) [264KB]